The canter is a three-beat tilting horse gait:
- External rear leg
- Inner rear + External front leg
- Inner front leg
It’s a “tilting” gait as the horse extends his head from the first to the third beat, withdrawing it in the time before the first beat.
When you are riding remember, before starting with canter, to apply your external leg in the “spoon movement”: draw back your leg and hit the horse as you want to lift his skin.
You should balance your weight more to the external horse gluteus.
During the canter, you have to harmonize your movement with the horse movement: the pelvis should move forward from the first to the third beat, then back from the third to the first.
The same goes for your hands and reins movement, as they have to match the horse head movement.
It’s really important, if you want to control and to slow the movement of the horse, to reduce the pelvis movement, to not press too much your legs and to tighten the reins in the first beat and to maintain the tightness (releasing the reins matching the head movement) during the second and the third beat: DON’T tighten the reins in the second or third beat as the horse will lay his mouth on the bit.